Welcome to grade five! Students in fifth grade participate in a variety of classroom experiences to expand their love of learning and develop their academic, social and physical skills. The following descriptions present a brief overview of the comprehensive program.
Language Arts: Students in fifth grade continue to develop and expand their literacy skills in word knowledge, phonics, fluency, vocabulary, comprehension, writing, speaking, and listening by engaging in a variety of lessons and activities based on the Common Core State Standards and the Anne Arundel County Reading/Language Arts Program. Fifth graders independently demonstrate and apply a variety of reading strategies as they engage in fluent reading and comprehension of more complex stories with literary and informational text. They strive to construct meaning, monitor and check their own understanding, and engage in collaborative discussions of what they have read. Students are required to respond to text –dependent questions and write to source in all areas. Technology skills continue to develop during the fifth grade year. Students become more independent in using online resources and computer applications to support their learning in all curricular areas. As writers, they focus on opinion, informative and narrative writing. Students learn to organize and develop complex ideas to compose pieces that include a variety of sentence structures, word choices, and language conventions to enhance their writing. Students continue to practice handwriting skills through writing.
Mathematics: The Anne Arundel County Public Schools Integrated Mathematics PreK-5 Program has implemented the Maryland College and Career Ready Standards. These standards are a set of high-quality academic goals which provide rigor, focus, and coherence to prepare our students to be college and career ready by the time they graduate from high school. The mathematical concepts taught in Grade 5 include:
· Number and Operations in Base 10
· Number and Operations - Fractions
· Operations and Algebraic Thinking
· Measurement and Data
A variety of resources are employed to teach the mathematical skills that include, but are not limited to, Ready Common Core, Teaching Student Centered Mathematics, Number Talks, Hands-On Standards, web based resources, and computer programs such as First in Math.
Students develop mathematical thinking through the integration of the Standards for Mathematical Practice. These practices require students to persevere when solving problems, explain their reasoning to others, choose appropriate mathematical tools, and be accurate. These practices are incorporated into daily lessons and promoted through student discourse during lessons.
Students will acquire mathematical concepts and be able to apply them to real life situations. Periodic district assessments are given in conjunction with daily formative assessments, to determine the mastery of these skills. The assessment results will be available for the student to take home. Parents may assist in their child’s success in mathematics by checking homework nightly and communicating regularly with the classroom teacher. Additional materials and activities to be used at home can be found on the Pearson website at http://www.pearsonsuccessnet.com. Teachers will provide students with a User Name and Password to access the website. First in Math is a web-based program designed for student use at home to increase fluency. Students are provided logins to use at school and at home.
Social Studies: Students explore the answer to the question “What does it mean to be an American?” by studying the history, government and geography of the United States. They investigate the historical events leading to the founding of our country and learn about exploration, colonization and the American Revolution. They study the principles of democracy and our form of government. Students have the opportunity in the U.S. Government unit to participate in a class campaign or a simulated congressional hearing for which they will receive 5 hours of service learning. Students continue to practice the skills of social studies by sequencing events, analyzing cause and effect, and analyzing perspective. They read primary sources and complete writing assignments and research projects. They are expected to read and write independently. They also read and construct maps, charts, tables and graphs. The units studied are:
· Road to Revolution
· American Revolution
· We the People
Science: Students build on their knowledge of chemistry and physics from third grade, and expand their investigation of the earth and the environment. Students have the opportunity to engage in full scientific inquiry. They begin with questions, design an investigation, gather data, formulate answers to the original questions, and share their findings with their peers. Students develop explanations based on scientific information and evidence presented through a classroom activity. They recognize and analyze alternative explanations for science concepts presented in teacher-led demonstrations. Students use their scientific knowledge and available scientific equipment to solve practical problems. Students use models to simulate how real objects act. Students demonstrate and explain how tools enable scientists and others to measure, collect, and communicate scientific data such as size, distance, and motion. The topics studied are:
· Chemistry (Communicating in Science, Matter, Physical Changes)
· Physics (Motion, Energy, and Light)
· Environmental Sciences (Natural Resources, and Environmental Issues)
· Earth and Space Science (Earth Materials, Sun, Moon, and Stars, Water)
· Life Science (Life Cycles, Animal Changes, Habitats)
Environmental Literacy: Students answer the question, how do we make our school greener? Students will help their school become a MAEOE Maryland Green School by analyzing the schools environmental impact on resources in their school. They conduct audits on energy, water, waste or transportation and develop and conduct actions to reduce their impact. This is imbedded in Unit 3 of the 5th grade science curriculum. Students will conduct a second audit in the 3rd quarter to assess the progress of their actions to become a green school.
English Language Acquisition Program (ESOL): English Language Acquisition classes comply with the requirements of Title III of the No Child Left Behind Act. The goal of English Language acquisition instruction is to enable English Learners to construct meaning from oral and written language, express complex ideas and information, as well as access instruction. In order to accomplish this goal, the ELA curriculum is based on WIDA ELD standards:
Social and Instructional Language
The Language of Language Arts
The Language of Math
The Language of Science
The Language of Social Studies
While the ELA teacher is responsible for English Language Development according to the WIDA ELD standards, the Maryland State Standards for College and Career Readiness, as well as National and State Content Standards, are the context used for teaching the language. All students who have been identified as eligible to receive English Language Acquisition services will take WIDA ACCESS, the annual assessment to measure English Language Proficiency.
Technology: Students increase their creativity, communicate and collaborate with others and gather, evaluate and analyze information and data using computers. They solve problems and make decisions in a manner that demonstrates their understanding of the social, ethical, and human issues related to technology.
We are looking forward to a year of learning for your fifth grader. If you desire additional information, please contact your child’s teacher.