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School Crisis and Emergency Management Plan

Purpose of the Plan

This Crisis and Emergency Management Plan provides basic guidelines and procedures to be followed in the event of an emergency or crisis incident. All school staff will be familiar with the plan and their individual responsibilities in the event of an emergency. The management plan is required to be reviewed, and revised annually or when significant changes to staff occur.

Crisis Intervention & Emergency Planning

Crisis Intervention is a reactive event that takes place after an emergency or critical event.

Emergency Planning is an active process where schools plan for a variety of emergency situations before they happen in order to reduce the adverse consequences of an emergency situation.

The following Crisis and Emergency terminology applies for the purposes of this plan:

  • Emergencies are events or incidents that will most likely not require the initiation of a “Code Alert.”  
  • Crisis' are events or incidents that require immediate action to prevent or minimize a highly undesirable outcome.

What Does The Plan Address?

The plan takes in consideration of all four phases of emergency and crisis management planning:

Mitigation/Prevention, Preparedness, Response, and Recovery


The school participates in or has initiated the measures to mitigate emergency and crisis incidents.


Preparation and execution of this plan coupled with the training requirements are the basis for the school’s preparedness phase of emergency and crisis management planning.


The plan addresses appropriate responses for the following emergencies and crisis incident(s):  

1. Examples of “Emergency Incidents,” but not limited to:

  • Bus Accidents
  • Severe Weather (storms, lightning, limited visibility for travel)
  • Student or staff deaths (suicide, homicide, unintentional, or natural)
  • Medical Emergencies
  • Utility System Emergencies  
  • Traumatic incident(s) as a result of any of the above or below critical incidents:
  • Student(s) or staff suicide
  • Death of student(s) or staff
  • The aftermath of a crisis or emergency


The recovery process has the goal of returning the facility staff and students to the pre-incident level of instruction and operations as quickly and appropriately as possible.


Emergency Incident Command System

At the initiation of an emergency, the principal will be the primary person responsible for managing the situation:

  • Directing/supporting the facilitation of the emergency response.
  • Communicating with the central office and on-site media requests. Requesting assistance from the Central Office or school system. resources to include trauma or student safety incident(s).
  • Ensuring first responders are requested if appropriate.

School Emergency Response Team

Each school must designate personnel to help the principal to properly manage emergencies, critical incidents, and assist first responders. The first responders always take the lead role. Normally the Safe Schools Teams will be key members of the Emergency Response Team.

Staff Response for Special Needs Person

It is critical the emergency procedures and information include special needs students and staff.

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