Approving Statehood: When did your State Join the Union?

        Learn what year your state joined the Union and became part of the "United States of
        America".

        Choose the first letter of the state you're looking for:
        A CD F G HI K L MN O P RS T U VW

        Or read about the U.S. Territories

        The 50 States

Alabama
        Alabama entered the Union on December 14, 1819. In January 1861, Alabama seceded
        from the Union, and on February 4, delegates from six states met at Montgomery and
        formed the Confederate States of America, with Montgomery as the capital. After the
        Civil War, Alabama reentered the Union.

        Alaska
        Alaska became the 49th State on January 3, 1959; it was the first new state in the Union
        since 1912.

        Arizona
        Arizona became the 48th state on February 14, 1912.

        Arkansas
        Despite opposition in Congress to a new slave state, Arkansas became a state on June
        15, 1836. Arkansas Governor Henry M. Rector seized Fort Smith and Arkansas joined
        the Confederacy in 1861 reentering the Union at War's end.

California
        Congress hesitated to welcome a new free state, but because of its booming population
        and the discovery of gold, California was admitted in September , 1850.

        Colorado
        After three tries Colorado was made a state on August 1, 1876.

        Connecticut
        Connecticut, one of the thirteen colonies, became the fifth state on January 9, 1788.

Delaware
        Delaware, one of the thirteen colonies, gained its distinction as the "First State" when it
        was the first to ratify the Constitution on December 7, 1787.

Florida
        Florida became a state on March 3, 1845, a move delayed by the reluctance of Congress
        to admit another slave state, and it joined the Confederacy on January 10, 1861,
        re-entering the Union at war's end.

Georgia
        Georgia, one of the thirteen colonies, ratified the U.S. Constitution on January 2, 1788,
        becoming the fourth state to do so; it joined the Confederacy on January 19, 1861, and
        reentered the Union after the Civil War.

Hawaii
        Hawaii became the Fiftieth state on August 21, 1959

Idaho
        Idaho became a state on July 3, 1890.

        Illinois
        Illinois became the 21st state on December 3, 1818.

        Indiana
        Indiana became the 19th state on December 11, 1816.

        Iowa
        On December 28, 1846, Iowa became the first free state in the old Louisiana Territory.

Kansas
        Kansas became a free state on January 29, 1861, after seven years of bloody feuding
        between residents over whether to be admitted as a slave or free state.

        Kentucky
        Kentucky became the first state to be carved from the great western wilderness.

Louisiana
        Louisiana became the 18th state on April 30, 1812. It joined the Confederacy on January
        26, 1861 and reentered the Union after the Civil War.

Maine
        Maine became the 23rd state on March 15, 1820. Its admission to the Union balanced
        the simultaneous admission of Missouri as a slave state.

        Maryland
        Maryland became the seventh state on April 28, 1788. During the Civil War, President
        Abraham Lincoln placed Maryland under military control.

        Massachusetts
        Originally part of the thirteen colonies, Massachusetts became a state on February 6,
        1788.

        Michigan
        Michigan became the 26th state on January 26, 1837.

        Minnesota
        On May 11, 1858 Minnesota became the 32 state.

        Mississippi
        On December 10, 1817, Mississippi was admitted as the 20th state.

        Missouri
        Missouri was admitted as a slave state on August 10, 1821, after an agreement known as
        the Missouri Compromise in which Maine was admitted as a free state.

        Montana
        Montana achieved statehood on November 8, 1889.

Nebraska
        President Andrew Jackson vetoed the Nebraska statehood bill of 1866, but Congress
        overrode his veto, and Nebraska became a state on March 1, 1867.

        Nevada
        On October 31, 1864, at the urging of President Abraham Lincoln, Nevada became a
        state. Only a short four years earlier, it had been a wilderness.

        New Hampshire
        In a sense, New Hampshire, originally one of the thirteen colonies, "created" the new
        nation by becoming the ninth state on June 21, 1788, meeting the requirement for nine
        states to ratify the Constitution.

        New Jersey
        New Jersey, one of the thirteen colonies, became the third state on December 18, 1787.

        New Mexico
        On January 6, 1912, New Mexico became the 47th state.

        New York
        On July 26, 1788, New York, one of the thirteen colonies, became the 11th state.

        North Carolina
        North Carolina, one of the thirteen colonies, became the 12th state on November 21,
        1789. North Carolina troops suffered the greatest losses of all the states during the Civil
        War while fighting for the Confederacy.  North Carolina reentered the Union after the fighting ceased.

        North Dakota
        Both North and South Dakota became states on November 2, 1889.

Ohio
        In 1803, Ohio became the first state west of the Alleghenies.

        Oklahoma
        Oklahoma became a state on November 6, 1907, with a population of 1,414,177,
        including residents in Indian Territory.

        Oregon
        On February 14, 1859, Oregon gained statehood.

Pennsylvania
        In September 1787, the U.S. Constitution was signed in Philadelphia and on December
        12, 1787, Pennsylvania, one of the thirteen colonies, became the second state.

Rhode Island
        Rhode Island was the last of the thirteen colonies to join the Union on May 29, 1790.

South Carolina
        South Carolina, one of the thirteen colonies, became the eighth state on May 23, 1788.
        On December 20, 1860, South Carolina became the first state to secede form the Union.
        It reentered after the Civil War.

        South Dakota
        Both Dakotas became states on November 2, 1889.

Tennessee
        Tennessee became a state on June 1, 1796. On June 8, 1861, it joined the Confederacy
        and became a major battleground for the Civil War, reentering the Union after war's
        end.

        Texas
        After ten years of independence, Texas became a state on December 29, 1845.

Utah
        Utah became the 45th state on January 4, 1896.

Vermont
        Vermont became the first state added to the Union following the 13 colonies on March 1,
        1791.

        Virginia
        One of the original thirteen colonies, Virginia became the 10th state on June 25, 1788. Richmond
        became the capital of the Confederacy on May 29, 1861, but reentered the Union after
        the war.

Washington, DC
        Residents of Washington were given the right to vote for president and vice president with
        the ratification of the 23rd Amendment in 1961. But the District of Columbia does not
        have statehood.

        Washington
        On November 11, 1889, Washington became a state.

        West Virginia
        On June 20, 1863, the wartime state of West Virginia was born by acceptance of the
        federal government.

        Wisconsin
        Wisconsin became the 30th state on May 29, 1848.

        Wyoming
        Although the Wyoming population was not enough to qualify for statehood, it became one
        anyway on July 10, 1890.
 
 

U.S. Territories

        Puerto Rico
        Puerto Ricans received U.S. citizenship in 1917, and the island became an internally self-
        governing commonwealth in 1952. The people of Puerto Rico are represented in the U.S.
        House of Representatives by a nonvoting delegate.

        U.S. Virgin Islands
        In 1927, the people of the U.S.. Virgin Islands became American nationals and in 1936,
        they achieved limited self-government. Today the Virgin Islands has a limited form of
        self-government, with an elected governor and lieutenant, and a nonvoting delegate to the
        U.S. House of Representatives.

        American Samoa
        The United States, Britain, and France claimed trade and other privileges in the islands,
        and the United States established a naval station at Pago Pago in 1878. An agreement of
        1899 gave the U.S. the right to govern present American Samoa. In 1978, a
        governor was popularly elected for the first time.

        Guam
        After the Spanish-American War of 1898, Spain ceded the island to the United States.
        Guam is represented by a nonvoting delegate in the U.S. House of Representatives, and
        its residents are citizensbut do not vote for the President.

        Micronesia
        Several Pacific Island groups, collectively known as Micronesia, were placed under U.S.
        trusteeship after WorldWar II. The trusteeship has since been dissolved. The Northern
        Mariana Islands is a U.S.commonwealth; the other island groups are now independent
        states with close ties to the U.S.

        The information for this listing was provided by:

        The World Almanac of theU.S.A.
        Edited by Allan Carpentarand Carl Provorse
        World Almanac Books, 1996
        An Imprint of K-III ReferenceCorporation
        One International Boulevard
        Mahwah, NJ 07497-0017